Research

The 2018 World Metropolitan Transport Development Forum

 

The World Metropolitan Transport Development Forum (WMTDF), hosted by Beijing Municipal Commission of Transport, organized by Beijing Transport Institute and supported by the World Resources Institute (WRI) and many other organizations, was held in the China National Convention Center in Beijing from October 24th to 26th, 2018. Centering on "Green, Intelligent, and Shared Transport in New Era: Innovation and Governance", the Forum invited famous transport experts, scholars and representatives of transport organizations from New York, London, Seoul, Madrid, Tokyo and other metropolises around the world. Focusing on transport-related problems faced by metropolises worldwide, the participants discussed hot transport issues while taking into account of development needs in the new era, shared experience and latest outcomes of urban transport management, looked into future development trend and contributed recommendations for transport development in metropolises to jointly tackle transport challenges brought by urban development.

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Relevant information

New York City Transportation Challenges and Opportunities

Michael Replogle, New York City Department of Transportation Deputy Commissioner

1. New York City traffic situation

  • NYC’s development

  • NYC’s Traffic Safety Initiative

  • The use of various means of transport

2. Political and fiscal challenges

  • 2018-Beyond: Public Transport Funding Gaps

  • New York State and City Moving Towards Congestion Pricing

  • Short-Term FHV Cap to Study Longer-Term Solutions


3. strategies for new mobility services and technologies

  • Shared Mobility

  • Electric Vehicles

  • Connected & Automated Vehicles


 4. An Era of Big Challenges

Urbanization and Urban Transport Strategies in China

YIN Guangtao, Chief Engineer of the Urban Transport Institute China Academy of Urban Planning & Design

 

1. Main Characteristics of Urbanization in China

2. Suggestions for China’s Urban Transport Strategies

  • Focus on sustainable transport

  • Transport strategy for city clusters

  • Transport strategy for metropolitan areas 

3. Brief Summary

Reducing Transport Emissions in London

Oliver Lord, Deputy y Head of Department of Air Quality Greater London Authority

 

1. The hazards of traffic emissions

  • Particulate matter

  • Breathe life campaign

  • NO2 challege

  • Health and qualities

2. Integrated strategies

  • Healthy streets

  • Freight challenges

  • T-charge

  • Low emission bus zones

  • Ultra low emission zone

  • Going zero

  • EV infrastructure

Thoughts on Beijing Urban Transport Strategy

Wang Ting, Director of Department of Macro-strategy, Strategy and Policy, Beijing Transport Institute

 

1. Historical Review

  • Rapid Urbanization and Motorization

  • Travel Demand grew by multiples

  • Governance measures

2. Problem Analysis

  • Uncoordinated transport and urban development

  • Low-quality public transportation services

  • Lack of effective integration between different modes

  • Shrinking walking and cycling modes

  • Lack of market mechanism and economic means

3. Thinking Beyond

  • Total travel demand will continue to grow

  • Upgrade of demand for travel service

  • Promote private cars trips to green travel mode

  • Integration of regional transport and urban transport

  • Provide a barrier-free environment for vulnerable groups

  • New technologies and new modes will trigger a significant change

  • Major concept

  • Major tasks
     

Legislation Interpretation of The Regulations of Beijing Municipality for Motor Vehicle Parking

Meng Qiao, Deputy director of Beijing Municipal Commission of Transport

 

  • Introduction

  • The 14-year development of the Parking Regulations (2004-2018)

  • Classified zoning and differentiated supply for parking facilities(Article 9 and Article 36 of the Regulations)

  • Traffic impact assessment system (Article 14(2) of the Regulations)

  • Hierarchical proprietorship system (Article 16(of the Regulations)

  • Full-coverage of parking charging (within the road scope).( Article 37 and Article 41 of the Regulations)

  • Full-coverage of parking information (within the road scope). (Article 8, 23, 31 and 39 of the Regulations)

  • Residential parking and certification system. (Article 31 of the Regulations)

  • Road parking management model——with sustainable development power. (Article 37 and 38 of the Regulations)

  • Achieve full-coverage of parking law-enforcement (within the road scope). (Article 42 of the Regulations)

  • Credit supervisory system.( Article 8 of the Regulations)

Madrid and the e-mobility

Juan Azcarate, Deputy Director of Energy and Climate Change Madrid City Council

 

1. Road traffic impact on climate change and air quality 

2. E-mobility trend

  • PLAN A: Air Quality and “Fostering Eletric Climate Change Mobility”

  • PLAN A: New approach on urban mobility

3. Public charging infrastructure

  • Current situation

  • PLAN A: guidelines for the development of the city charging infrastructure

  • PLAN A: guidelines for the development of charging infrastructure

4. Madrid’s Air Quality Plan

  • Promotion of (e) shared mobility

  • E-moto sharing

  • E-car sharing

  • E-bike sharing: BICIMAD

  • E-shared mobility: taxi and commercially licenced vehicles

  • Electric vehicles in Municipal Fleets

  • Zero emission central area

New York City’s Urban Traffic Management for Sustainable Development

Michael Replogle, New York City Department of Transportation Deputy Commissioner

 

1. Key NY City transport goals for sustainable development

2. Street Improvement Projects for Safe Walking & Cycling

  • Street and intersection interventions

  • A toolbox of approaches

  • Left turn traffic calming

  • Traffic safety

3. Plans and objectives

  • New York City’s target is Zero killed or seriously injured in traffic

  • NYC pledges to cut Transportation Greenhouse Gases 80%

  • NYC Adopted fuel economy standards

  • Need Many Strategies to Cut Transport Greenhouse Gases

  • Accelerate transition to Electric Vehicles (EVs)

  • Encourage slower, lighter vehicles: pedal-assist cycles

  • Increase walking, cycling, and public transport use

  • Expand Access for All

  • Boost Efficiency of Urban Freight

  • Increase efficiency of traffic and curb management

  • Reforming Curb Space Management

Measuring & Visualizing Travel Happiness——Evidence in the U.S. and China

Yingling Fan , University of Minnesota

 

1. Travel Happiness introduction

  • The connotation of happiness

  • Positive Psychology: Broaden and build Theory

  • Travel happiness requirements

2. Basic information questionnaire + Daynamica traffic chain survey

3. Survey results

  • Shenzhen and Xi’an in China; Twin Cities in the U.S.

  • The happiness of different transportation modes

  • Comparison of results of Twin Cities in the U.S.

  • Happiness of new travel modes

  • Analysis of deflection point of happiness based on travel duration

  • Comparison of factors determining travel happiness by strength

  • Conclusions and Suggestions

  • Features of travel happiness study

  • Presentation of visualization platform for travel happiness index

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