New York City, located in the southeastern Atlantic coast of New York, is the largest city and the largest port in the United States, as well as a world-class international metropolis and economic center. In March 2008, the New York City Council voted to approve a traffic congestion fee proposal in Manhattan. However, due to the large number of opponents, the plan had to be shelved. Later, with the support of governor Andrew cuomo, state legislators included the first phase of the congestion surcharge in the national budget agreement in the spring of 2018. The policy takes effect on Jan 1, 2019.
The discussion of congestion charging
In April 2007, New York Mayor Bloomberg suggested that New York should follow the example of London charge a traffic congestion fee in New York City, particularly the city's Manhattan CBD, according to a traffic congestion fee for vehicles entering the congested area of New York. Mayor Bloomberg envisions, which plans to charge a $ 8 crowded fee for each car entering Manhattan between 6 pm and 18 pm on each working day, and the truck charges $ 21 for crowded charges, bus and taxi free of charge. According to estimates, after the implementation of the plan, is expected to reduce the daily traffic flow of Manhattan 5%. The policy idea was thrown out after a one-year debate in the New York City District Councils, which had even undergone a number of amendments to the draft policy, but was finally aborted and failed to be passed by the legislature. According to the analysis, New York's traffic congestion scheme has not been implemented at the policy level. On the one hand, it is due to the residents who are mainly residents of the Manhattan area after collecting the traffic congestion fee. The main reason for the payment is mainly in the district, Drove back to work in other areas of residents, resulting in payment of benefits are not equal; On the other hand, after the implementation of the plan is expected to be able to change the traffic flow reduction is only about 5%, the magnitude is not great. More importantly, the mayor of New York in preparation for the implementation of this charge policy before the failure of the policy advocates of publicity and education work, resulting in a lot of people lack understanding. Thus failing to obtain the support of the public and the parliament.
State lawmakers with support from Governor Andrew Cuomo included the first phase of the congestion surcharges in the state budget agreement in the spring of 2018.
It takes effect January 1, 2019:
$2.50 per trip in yellow taxis
$2.75 per trip in For-Hire Vehicles
$0.75 per passenger for shared rides
Trips that begin, end or travel south of 96th street
Rides begin and end in New York
Does not apply to MTA Access-A-Ride