Time: April to June, 2017

Methodology: Attitude surveys via online platform and face-to-face interviews

Region: Residents within the 6th Ring Road

Responses: 15,481 responses with 8,985 effective ones.

Public opinion survey

in 2016

Public opinion survey

in 2017

Support 
Neutral 
Opposed

Basic Information

Male
49.3%
Age 18-30
34.3%
Female
50.7%
Age 31-50
​58.4%
Others
7.3%

Occupation

students
2.4%
Enterprise Employees
43%
Public Agency Employees
24.2%
Self-employed
/freelances
14%
Civil servant
7.6%
Retired or unemp-loyed
3.1%
Others
5.7%

Location of respondents’ living areas: 

8.4%
Within the 2nd Ring Road
9.0%
17.2%
Between the 2nd
and 3rd Ring Roads
16.0%
20.8%
Between the 3rd and 4th Ring Roads
18.0%
21.4%
Between the 4th and 5th Ring Roads
22.0%
32.2%
Between the 5th and 6th Ring Roads
35.0%
◼︎ Data from the survey
◼︎ Data from Beijing 5th Comprehensive Transportation Survey by Beijing Transport Institute

Location of respondents’ workplaces

​13.1%
Within the 2nd Ring Road
14.0%
23.3%
Between the 2nd and 3rd Ring Roads
22.0%
24.6%
Between the 3rd and 4th Ring Roads
20.0%
18.3%
Between the 4th and 5th Ring Roads
19.0%
20.7%
Between the 5th and 6th Ring Roads
25.0%
◼︎ Data from the survey
◼︎ Data from Beijing 5th Comprehensive Transportation Survey by Beijing Transport Institute

Commuting modes

Public Transport
49%
Private Vehicles
22%
Taxi,
Car-hailing
4%
Bikes,
E-Bikes
10%
Government Cars, Shuttle
10%
Walking
5%

Understanding of CC Policy

7-> 1: from Know Well to Know Nothing
7
11.8%
6
8.3%
5
15.2%
4
18.4%
3
14.2%
2
9.0%
1
23.0%

Expectations about Policy Effects

7->1: from Very Effective to No Effects
7
12.4%
6
9.2%
5
16.1%
4
18.0%
3
14.2%
2
11.6%
1
18.6%

Statistical Analysis Results

1. The more respondents are willing to pay for less congestion, the more supportive they are. Assume that respondents drive to work, it will take them 30 minutes when traffic flow is smooth and 40 minutes if there’s a traffic jam. In this situation, respondents would like to pay RMB 14.12 yuan to save the 15 minutes in the trip on average. 47.1% of the respondents are willing to pay the highest price RMB 25 yuan and their support rate for CC policy is 39.3% and opposing rate is 15.0%. 25.9% of the respondents do not want to pay anything at all. Among them, 67.3% oppose the policy and only 8.3% hold a positive attitude.

Willingness to pay (RMB)

47.1%
5.9%
7.8%
13.3%
25.9%
2. Like last year, the better the public know about the CC policy, the more supportive they are. In the second public opinion survey this year, 35.3% of the respondents stated they know well about the CC policy, an increase of 16.9%. Respondents are more optimistic regarding policy effects than last year. The percentage of respondents who think the CC policy has no effects has dropped from 49.8% in 2016 to 30.1% in 2017, which means our public communication strategy has achieved some progress.
64.7%)Know little
35.3%)Know well

Public Support

45.8%
14.8%
3. Elder people, vehicle owners and long-distance travelers would be less supportive than others. Opposing rate of respondents aged under 30 (25.6%) is lower than respondents over 40 (42.8%). The respondents with no cars tend to support more on CC policy (32.1%) than those with one car (24.4%) and with two cars (20.2%). Short-distance travelers would more likely have a positive attitude (30.8%) than long-distance travelers (21.2%).
4. Nearly half (43.0%) of our respondents expect that revenues raised from the charges should be spent on improving public transport or used for public transport subsidies. Improving infrastructure for non-motorized transport is also a preferred way of using CC revenue in addition to public transport.

Funds

 Improve public transport
Optimize road network
Improve infrastructure for non-motorized modes
Intelligent Transport Management System Construction
Used for public transport subsidies
Others
19.4%
17.6%
17.5%
10.7%
2.6%
32.3%
0
5%
10%
15%
20%
25%
30%
35%
5. Implementation of the CC policy has obvious potential benefits. 53.4% of the car users would shift to public transport. Carpooling is another popular alternative when commuting. As for personal life, 41.1% of Beijing residents would take public transport instead and the second choice is to change travel schedule.

 

6. The major reasons to support CC policy by Beijing residents include “It can relieve congestion and improve air quality at the same time”, “Charges can be used to improve public transport and road infrastructure” and “Using economic mechanism to control vehicle usage intensity and mitigate congestion”. Like the survey results last year, the top two opposing reasons are “CC would impose heavier burden on the private vehicle owners” and “the government should be more focused on urban planning and traffic management”.

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Beijing, China, 100027

 

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